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chapter_24.1_china_transforming_itself

Chapter 24.1 China: Transforming Itself

Objectives

  1. Find out how China controlled its economy from 1949 to 1980.
  2. Learn about the growth of Taiwan since 1949.
  3. Discover how China's government operated after the death of Mao Zedong.
  4. Examine aspects of life in China today.
  5. Learn how to compare and contrast to help analyze information.

China's Economy: 1949-1980

Guided Instruction

  1. Structured Silent Reading: China's Economy: 1949-1980 (pp. 714-15) What was the purpose of China's Great Leap Forward?
  2. What was the Great Leap Forward? The Great Leap Forward was an economic program whose goal was to increase output from farms and factories.
  3. What was the Cultural Revolution? The Cultural Revolution was aimed at creating a new society with no ties to the past.
  4. Is it possible for a culture to cut all ties to the past?

Guided Practice

Rally Swap: China's Economy, 1949-1980

Word Document

As students answer questions, circulate to offer help and correction as needed.

  1. How did the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution reflect the failure of Mao's leadership? The Great Leap Forward failed to achieve its goals, causing about 30 million people to die from starvation. The Cultural Revolution led to destructive acts by bands of radicals called Red Guards.
  2. How do you think Mao could have avoided China's economic problems? Possible answers: Mao could have left land and businesses in the hands of private citizens instead of controlling them through the government; Mao could have encouraged more training for workers; Mao could have allowed more farmers to raise crops.
  3. How did the Great Leap Forward affect China's economy? It weakened the economy.
  4. What was the purpose of China's Great Leap Forward? Its goal was to increase output from farms and factories.

Independent Practice

Venn Diagram: China's Government

As students fill in the graphic organizer, circulate to offer help and correction as needed.

Have each student create a Venn Diagram with two large, overlapping ovals that take up the entire page. Title the left oval “China Under Mao Zedong” and the right oval “China After Mao Zedong”. Fill in the section “China Under Mao Zedong” with the information you've just learned.

Taiwan Since 1949

Guided Instruction

  1. Rally Read: Taiwan Since 1949 (pp. 716)
  2. What kind of economic system does Taiwan have? Taiwan has a free enterprise system.

Guided Practice

Rally Swap: Taiwan Since 1949

Word Document

As students answer questions, circulate to offer help and correction as needed.

  1. What is a free enterprise system? It's an economic system where people can choose their own jobs, start private businesses, own property, and make profits.
  2. What were some positive effects of Taiwan's free enterprise economy? Programs were started that increased farm output and brought in more money that was used to build ports and railroads.
  3. Why do you think both Taiwan and China claimed to be the “real” China? Possible answers: Both the nationalists and Communists were groups from the mainland country of China; the Nationalists felt they were still Chinese even though they no longer lived on the mainland.
  4. Who holds the power to govern in a dictatorship? One person.

Country Profile: Focus on Economics

Guided Instruction

  1. Cloze Read: Country Profile: Focus on Economics (p. 717)
  2. Which economic sector in China uses the most land and employs the most people? Agriculture uses the most land and employs the most people.
  3. Which economic sector accounts for most of China's exports? Industry accounts for most of China's exports.
  4. Are China's farm products sold mainly inside or outside of China? Farm products are sold mainly inside China. Agricultural exports make up only five percent of the country's exports.
  5. What is the difference between subsistence farming and commercial farming? Subsistence farming is focused on feeding the family where commercial farming is focused on selling goods for sale.

Changes in China

Guided Instruction

  1. Rally Read: Changes in China (pp. 716, 718)
  2. What happened in Hong Kong in 1997? China regained control over Hong Kong.

Guided Practice

Rally Swap: Changes in China

Word Document

As students answer questions, circulate to offer help and correction as needed.

  1. What was the “Four Modernizations”? A program carried out by Deng Xiaoping to improve China's farming, industry, science, and defense.
  2. What three major changes did Deng Xiaoping make to China's economic system and what were the results? Areas were set up where foreign companies could own and operate businesses, helping China's economy grow and bringing money into the economy; some Chinese citizens were allowed to run private businesses, which eventually produced about 75 percent of China's gross domestic product; China took control of Hong Kong but allowed its economy to operate with changes for the next 50 years and to govern itself.
  3. Study the pictures on p. 718. How is Sun Dong An Plaza similar to and different from an American shopping mall? It has stores, a food court, a movie complex, and some car parking. However, it has many more parking spaces for bicycles than for cars.

Independent Practice

Venn Diagram: China's Government

As students fill in the graphic organizer, circulate to offer help and correction as needed.

Continue working on the Venn Diagram. Fill in the section “China After Mao Zedong” with the information you've just learned.

China Today

Guided Instruction

  1. Cloze Read: China Today (p. 719)
  2. What major event happened in China in 1989? The Chinese government killed or wounded thousands of people who gathered in Tiananmen Squarein Beijing to demand greater political freedoms.

Guided Practice

Rally Swap: China Today

Word Document

As students answer questions, circulate to offer help and correction as needed.

  1. How did China's government respond to the democracy movement in 1989? The government tried to end it, killing or wounding thousands of people in the process.
  2. Why do you think some countries struggle with the issue of whether they should trade with China? Although China has a huge market for goods and manufactures many items, its government has a poor human rights record.
  3. In what two major ways was China different after Mao Zedong died? The government allowed more free enterprise and the economy became more developed.

Independent Practice

Venn Diagram: China's Government

As students fill in the graphic organizer, circulate to offer help and correction as needed.

Continue working on the Venn Diagram. Fill in the section “China After Mao Zedong” with the information you've just learned.

Assessment

Chapter 24.1 Open Book Quiz

Students are allowed to use only their textbook to answer the following questions. The quiz can be found in Microsoft Forms, one for 06 HIS:01 and one for 06 HIS:02. They have the entire class period if needed.

  1. Who took control of China in 1949?
  2. Why did the Chinese government launch the Great Leap Forward?
  3. What is the Republic of China?
  4. How is Taiwan different from China?
  5. Who is Deng Xiaoping?
  6. What economic changes took place under Deng's leadership?
  7. Why has the Chinese government been criticized for the way it treats people?
  8. Write a five to seven sentence paragraph comparing China before and after Mao Zedong's death. Make sure to include information on the changes in the Chinese economy.
chapter_24.1_china_transforming_itself.txt · Last modified: 2018/05/17 12:20 by john